During the 1960's and up until 1972, tourism was the third
most important foreign exchange earner after coffee and cotton
for Uganda. In 1971 there were 85,000 visitors and income was
$27m. However during Idi Amin's rule, tourism ceased with wildlife
parks and hotels becoming totally neglected.
Under Milton Obote's Government recovery programme, the tourism
sector began to be slowly rehabilitated with the numbers of visitors
rising from 8,622 in 1982 to an estimated 40 000 in 1986.
However, tourism in Uganda is still not nearly as developed
as in the neighbouring country of Kenya. The present government
is hoping that tourism in the future will help to rebuild the
economy and it has an ongoing programme of hotel renovation and
The main attractions are the national game parks, where there
are large concentrations of wildlife and innumerable colourful
With tourism on the increase in Uganda, it will have an impact
on more and more of the country, the local communities and the
landscape. Not all these impacts will be beneficial to the local
communities or the local environment. Just, what exactly are
the benefits and the costs of introducing tourism to a country
such as Uganda?
Here are some programme ideas to help you explore the issues
surrounding tourism and its impact on a developing country.
1. Tourism in the Third World-.
Who benefits? Who pays?
2. Tourism brochures: Fact