The United Nations International Children's Emergency
Fund (UNICEF) was created by the Unite Nations General Assembly at
its first meeting in 1946. It is a condition of UNICEF's mandate that
UNICEF is completely non-political. Assistance is given 'on the basis
of need, without discrimination because of race, creed, nationality,
status or political belief'.
In 1946, and as it has been doing ever since, UNICEF
administered to children who had been on both sides of the firing
line during the second World War.
For three years UNICEF provided food supplements,
particularly of milk, to six million children in 12 countries. UNICEF
also helped certain countries to rebuild their dairy industries.
War had not only disrupted the production of food,
it had destroyed hospitals and medical supplies. Tuberculosis was
almost at epidemic level amongst children and adolescents. A campaign
for mass testing and vaccination known as the BCG was conducted jointly
with the Scandinavian Red Cross Societies in addition to helping countries
rebuild their health services.