The aim of this
activity is to look at one commodity and to see the relative division
between the grower and picker to that of the retailer.
- The grower
and picker - grows the bananas, picks them and transports them
to the nearest port.
- The Shipping
Company takes them by ship from Africa to Europe.
- The packer
removes the bananas from the ship's container and packs them.
- The importing
company is responsible for bringing them into the European country.
- The wholesaler
buys large amounts from the importer and sells them to smaller
buyers (retailers).The retailer, sells the bananas to you and
- Divide the
Troop into small groups of equal numbers and name each group:
- Give out
paper and pencils and a diagram of a banana.
- Tell everybody
that a banana costs 20p.
- Put the blank
banana up on the wall, marked 20p, and ask each group to decide
how much it deserves of the final banana price (dependent upon
the amount of labour and other costs the group feels it must meet).
- After five
minutes get each group to present its case. Write the amounts
upon the blank banana.
- If the total
comes to over 20p, get them to negotiate between themselves until
it comes back to 20p.
- Click here
to reveal the true situation.
- How do
the two sets of divisions compare?
- Give the
pickers knives and allow each group to actually take its share
from the pickers' bananas.
- How do
the pickers feel?
group gets the fairest deal?
- Can the
group think of any ways to give the growers and pickers a
Kingdom has a very complex economy with a great variety of industries
involving trade all around the world. Uganda and many other developing
countries in the world are not as fortunate in having a great variety
of products to trade and are very dependent on one or two commodities
to sell to markets round the world.
is the backbone of Uganda's economy.
for 80% of its foreign exchange earnings. Coffee is the leading
foreign exchange earner but other crops such as tea, tobacco and
sugar-cane are also grown for export.
Uganda is one
of many countries caught in the debt trap. The government borrowed
money from the World Bank (before interest rates soared) to invest
in industry and in the people.
an important crop but interest rates rose, as did the amount of
coffee in the world market, reducing the price and therefore reducing
the income. The amount of money they owed to the World Bank increased.
Many countries are still trying hard to increase their income and
repay their debts by growing products that the developed world wants.
The amount of money Uganda spends on their education service and
health facilities is limited and little money is available to develop
a range of industries.
Ask the Scouts to find the words relating to the economy which
are hidden in the word-search
Invite a local business person, bank or building society manager
to come and talk to the Scouts about development, borrowing money,
interest rates and inflation.
If the Scouts had their pocket money or earnings reduced by half
how would they manage? Could they generate some income? Give each
Patrol a small amount of money and ask them to work together to
double the amount.