The most widely
spoken language is Swahili, but the official language is English.
A bizarre situation when viewed from Europe but the history of the
Country was as a UK Protectorate with English being the language of
the ruling power.
In fact Uganda
is a country of many different languages and dialects. Probably as
many as 40 exist. Recent cross border migration during periods of
war and famine has meant that in some parts French is also widely
In these circumstances
some would say it is only the fact that one non-tribal language (English)
exists that communication between those speaking the various ethnic
languages is possible.
English is imposed
in Education and all official circles and certainly makes communication
inside the country easier than it would otherwise be.
However, it relies
on Education to make this possible. Those children and familes which
are uneducated can only communicate in their own language.
is the circumstances there seems to be no move to change to Swahili
in the way that Kenya did some years ago. This would clearly make
communication more difficult for those not speaking Swahili.
spoken are Acholi, Adhola, Alur, Amba, Aringa, Bari, Chiga, Ganda,
Gujarati, Gungu, Gwere, Hindi, Ik, Kakwa, Karamojong, Kenyi, Konjo,
Jumam, Kupsabiny, Lango, Lugbara, Lugandan and Lacona, Luyia, Madi,
Mangbetu and the list goes on and on. Perhaps this paragraph alone
explains the problem of communication without English. Any change
is likely to have considerable teaching and tribal consequences. Look
for further information.